No one can predict when the issue of climate change will end. At the same time, the truth is that the list of side-effects due to this is increasing. The Living Planet Report of the World Wildlife Fund (WWF-World Wild Fund) only expands the list of adverse effects.
This report of the World Wildlife Fund states that the number of wildlife has decreased by 70 percent. At the same time, the number of freshwater species has decreased by 83 percent.
The report said that a nature-friendly society is the need of the hour and we cannot afford to lose it. The study has researched on mammals, birds, amphibians, reptiles and fishes. It states that there has been a catastrophic decline in the number of wildlife since 1970. The condition is that in the last 55 years 70 percent of the wildlife has decreased.
The report highlights a clear view of the state of nature. It has advised the government, NGOs, citizens to take immediate transformative action to stop the destruction of biodiversity. However, the real question is who will take the initiative to initiate this action? The reason is that even though everything is being done for environmental protection and promotion, it is not actually being implemented. A great example of this is the Paris Agreement.
Heading towards double emergency
Many countries including India signed the agreement and pledged to reduce carbon emissions. The fact is that even after more than five years, no country has made so much progress. In terms of wildlife, the situation globally is moving towards emergency. Experts point out that climate change and loss of biodiversity are interrelated conditions, which are directly and indirectly the result of human activities. Unless human beings stop seeing these situations as two separate problems, no problem can be dealt with effectively.
Climate change is the result of the natural loss in the course of human civilization and development, due to which biodiversity is also getting affected badly. Climate change and loss of biodiversity can put the lives of future generations at risk.
Importantly, concerns are being expressed about the loss of biodiversity in the world’s most biodiverse tropical region and home to the largest number of wildlife. The main reasons for the decline of wildlife around the world are habitat loss, human encroachment on forests, pollution and various infectious diseases.
Wildlife wiped out the most in Africa
These factors are responsible for the loss of 66 percent of the wildlife in Africa and 55 percent of the total biodiversity of the Asia Pacific region. Freshwater species have declined an average of 83 percent since the beginning of life, the largest decline of any species group. Climate change and loss of biodiversity is not only an environmental issue but also an economic, development, security and social issue and therefore requires concerted action. Climate change in the Indian subcontinent affects important sectors such as water resources, agriculture and natural ecosystems, health and the food chain. Therefore a comprehensive collective approach is necessary.
The report also states that 135 square kilometers of mangrove forests have been destroyed in the Sundarbans in the last four decades. The report highlights how we have destroyed the very foundation of life and how the situation is getting worse.
Half of the world’s economy and billions of people are directly dependent on nature for survival. Preventing biodiversity loss and restoring critical ecosystems should be at the top of the global agenda to address growing climate, environmental and public health crises, the study authors said. If natural resources are to be properly assessed, policy makers have to transform the economy.
However, there is doubt about whether all these things will be fulfilled when we return to development. Even if a single element of nature gets reduced, the whole cycle of nature gets disturbed and this is what has happened now. The balance of the environment is disturbed. It is affecting the living beings. Human health has already been affected, but now it is affecting wildlife too. This report warns humans of future danger.
Threat to the future of five countries
Due to the rise in temperature, the sea level is rising and people are afraid of losing their land and identity. Five countries are most feared: Maldives, Tuvalu, Marshall Islands, Nauru and Kiribati. Maldives is in the Indian Ocean and the remaining four countries are in the Pacific Ocean. Former Maldives President Mohamed Nasheed has recently expressed this apprehension.
According to climate scientists, the sea level has risen by 15 to 25 centimeters, or six to ten inches, since 1900. Storm waves will increase as sea level rises. There will also be an increase in tides and fluctuations. Therefore, salt contamination of water and land will destroy colonies of small animals. The islands would disappear and the natives would have to be displaced in other areas.
Tourists coming to sunbathe on the beach will no longer have a place for it. Sea turtles usually lay their eggs in the sand on the shore. However, as sea levels rise, there will be no place for them to lay eggs. This will not only cause coastal damage, but will also have an impact on agricultural activities, public services, etc. Apart from this, drinking water supply, roads and human settlements will also be affected.