Durga the destroyer of misery
Navratri worship is going to start from tomorrow and we all will worship Durga Devi with full devotion, recite Durga Saptashati. Durga Saptashati is a part of the Markandeya Purana and is considered to be the backbone of the system. It has seven hundred verses in thirteen chapters, but what is the meaning of Durga?
Durga is formed by adding ‘a’ to the word Durg. Durg means fort. Durg is a Sanskrit word with the prefix Dur. Dur mainly has the sense of difficulty, suffering and unattainable or unattainable. The meaning of gum is to know or get. That is, which is not easily found or where it is difficult to go, these feelings are expressed by the word fort.
That’s why hilly roads are called inaccessible. It’s hard to walk there. Man had also considered himself safe by taking refuge in the mountains and is still thinking so today. The guard of India is the Himalayas. Man also established his power centers in the form of forts (forts) on the mountains.
The intention behind calling forts as forts may be that there is a struggle between going there or getting it. Devi is Shikharvasini, supreme, hence she is called Durga.
According to mythology, especially Skandpuran, Kashikhand-Uttardh, the story of naming Shakti as ‘Durga’ has been discussed.
Skanda (Shaktiputra) tells Agastya Muni that in the past there was a great demon named Durga. He had achieved this boon by doing intense penance that he is not bound by any man. Durg conquered all the worlds. The deities were expelled from heaven and went to Shiva as usual.
Shiva ordered the goddess to destroy the fort. The goddess sent her most seductive power Kalratri to the fort as a messenger to the demon king Durg. He had to convey the message to the fort, “Daityaraj! You give up the wealth of Tribhuvan. “Let the kingdom of Triloki go to Indra and you go to the abyss.” If you are proud of your strength, then come for the war.
Hearing this word of Mahakali, the fort got angry and ordered to catch Kaal Ratri who became a messenger. Although Kaalratri tried to trick him with her sweet words, Durga, filled with pride, ordered Kaalratri to be captured and imprisoned in his inner court. Following the orders of the fort, the protectors of Ranivas moved towards Kalaratri and moved away after being hurt by Kalaratri’s exhalation.
Thereafter Kalaratri flew from there and came to Vindhyachal by sky where Shakti was situated at that time.
The arrogant Durg sent his army to bring Vindhyavasini Shakti. An insurmountable battle took place between the forces of Vindhyavasini and the soldiers of the fort, in which the soldiers of the fort were defeated.
After this comes the description of the war between the fort and the goddess. The battle between Durg Daitya and Devi reminds us of Shakti’s fight with Mahishasura. Skandji says – Mune! The powers of the Goddess instantly destroyed the huge army of demons.
Then that demon assumed the form of an elephant and quickly ran in front of the goddess. Seeing that mountain elephant coming, Bhagwati quickly tied it with a noose and cut its trunk with a sword. After that he took the form of a buffalo and uprooted the mountains with his horns and threw them on the goddess.
Mahishasura also takes the form of a buffalo while fighting with the goddess. When the goddess attacks him, he becomes a man with a thousand hands and holding the goddess’s hand, drags her into the sky. From on high there he left Jagdambika. Then Mahadevi, cutting off the group of snakes with her arrows, pierced that demon with a great arrow. That arrow of the goddess entered the chest of the demon.
In the eleventh chapter of Saptshati, the announcement of the goddess is
Tatrayav Ch Vadhishyami Durgamakhyam Mahasuram
Durga Devi Vikhyatam Tanme Naam Bhavishyati
When I kill the inaccessible demon, then I will be famous in this world by the name of Durga.
This is the story of Skanda Purana, but who is Durga in Markandeya Purana whose Durga is a part of Saptashati?
Markandeya begins the story by saluting Chandika. Scholars can argue that what is the difference between Durga-Chandika? Reason is fair, distinction is not, said Shakespeare, what’s in a name? But Durga Saptashati is prevalent, so Durga has been glorified in it.
Which form of Shakti has been given the noun of Durga? If you want to understand this, first you have to understand that religion talks in metaphors, where most of the discussions take place in symbols. Wise people understand these signs and go beyond it and try to know the secrets and remaining visible, (what is visible, being told) bow down before it.
According to Drishyam, Durga is the goddess who kills the demon. Whenever the deities bow down before the asuras, Durga protects them.
In Durga Saptashati, Durga originated from the coordinated power of the gods. Hence it can be inferred that Durga is the action force of the deities. Otherwise, why does a deity who has such power in the battle field wear a female form and come to help Durga?
Again, in the fourth chapter of Durga Saptashati, it has been written about Durga that those who wish to achieve success armed with weapons should worship Durga named Jaya, and in the twelfth chapter, Durga is an eye.
According to Vishiram, Durga is the destroyer of evil.
This has been the biggest fear of man since time immemorial, “May I not fall into misery?” In order to save his prosperity and happiness, from the beginning, man has been trying to find such a power which can put an end to his difficulties. The search for this power stops in Durga.
Mantraana Matrika Shakti Shabdanaam Gyanrupini
Gyananaan Chinmayatitan Shunyanaan Shunyasakshini
Yasya: Parataram Nasti Saisha Durga Prakirtita
Taan Durga Durgaman Devi Duracharavidyatinim
Namami Bhavabhito’ham Sansararnavatarinim
She is Durga in the form of mother in all mantras, living in the form of knowledge in words, the embodiment of knowledge and the zero witness in voids, nothing is better than her. I bow down to Durga, the destroyer of vices, fearful of this world, because I hope that she will take me across this world.
Durga is the boat that takes us across the ocean, but it is a form of Shakti, not the entire Shakti. Shakti in its overall form is wisdom, by whose grace auspiciousness prevails everywhere. You give wisdom to the best people who remember.
To believe this statement makes even the mind. In the Dasam Mandal of the Rigveda, Vagdevi Devi declares, “The man whom I want to protect, I make him more powerful than all. I make him endowed with great intelligence.
In Durga Saptashati, Megha Shakti is in the form of divine intelligence (sadbuddhi). Is it a coincidence or a sign, in Durga Saptashati, Medha is the name of a sage who narrates the story of Durga to two robbed worldly creatures, King Surath, Samadhi Vaishya. Divine intelligence has been called Medha in the Vedas.
The knowledge acquired by the five senses is limited. The limits of knowledge are as much as the senses can see, hear, understand and speak, but divine intelligence is beyond these limits – our intuition, that is, our sixth sense, what we see and test with the five senses is visible. The sixth sense Medha or Durga takes shelter in the intellect of a man and after the awakening of that intellect the invisible becomes manifest.
Disclaimer: The views expressed above are the author’s own.