HomeIndia NewsIndian heroes who participated in the freedom struggle

Indian heroes who participated in the freedom struggle

Women Warriors Of Indian Freedom Struggle: She keeps a person in her womb, who keeps her childhood safe in her arms, which, when time comes, sometimes she becomes the queen of Jhansi, and sometimes she becomes Kali-Bhavani in the battle… We tell you the story of some such heroines. Without whose mention the celebration of independence is incomplete. So come, let’s celebrate the Amrit Mahotsav of Independence this year by remembering the women warriors who put their lives at stake in the field of Jung-e-Azadi.

Heroes of India’s freedom struggle

If we look at the historical documents, the first freedom struggle of India is considered to be in 1857, but even before this, there were many attempts to drive the British rule out of India. Even though it may not be recorded on the pages of history like the war of 1857, but they have also played an important role in the independence of the country. If the efforts or struggle for independence are made only in the name of men, then it will be an atrocity with those heroines who have lost their lives in the pit of history like unnamed heroines. Here we start with Rani Chennamma of Kittur, who fought the British even before Rani Lakshmi Bai.

Queen Chennamma of Kittur

Even before Rani Lakshmi Bai, Queen Chennamma of Kittur left no stone unturned to sour the teeth of the British. Chennamma is also known as Lakshmi Bai of the South. She was the first Indian queen to enter the field armed against the British. Even though her military might was less than the English army, she was more than the British East India Company in terms of courage and courage. She was born on 23 October 1778 in Kakati, a small village in Belagavi district of Karnataka.

She became the queen of Kitturu after her marriage to King Mallasaraja of Desai dynasty. His son died in 1824. After this, he adopted a child Shivlingappa and made him his heir. The East India Company occupied Kitturu in 1824, bypassing the queen’s heir. The British government asked Shivalingappa to be deported, but Rani Chennamma did not listen to him.

Rani Chennamma wrote a letter to Lord Elphinstone, Lieutenant Governor of Bombay Presidency, requesting her not to annex her kingdom Kitturu, but according to her nature, the British did not accept it. After this there was a dispute between the queen and the British government. The British tried hard to grab the queen’s treasury worth Rs 15 lakh, but in this they could not succeed.

Kitturu was attacked by the British with 20,000 soldiers and 400 guns. In this battle, the British had to face defeat. Rani Chennamma released the captive British officers Sir Walter Eliot and Stevenson after the British promised not to fight. According to Pani Fitrat, the British betrayed the queen and first attacked Kitturu under the leadership of British officer Chaplin with heavy military force.

Rani Chennamma, along with her companions Sangolli Rayanna and Gurusidappa, fought the British fiercely, but they had to face defeat due to less military force. The British took her captive in the fort of Belhongal and here on 21 February 1829, the queen gave her last Breathed. Even today, the samadhi of a park queen of the taluka is still narrating her saga of pride. At the same time, a statue of Rani Chennamma is also there in the Parliament Complex of New Delhi.

Begum Hazrat Mahal

The British ousted the Nawab of Awadh, Wajid Ali Shah, from his throne, but his Begum Hazrat Mahal left no stone unturned to stifle the East India Company. He fought with the British for the longest time in the war of 1857. Begum Hazrat Mahal’s confidant companions Sarfaddaulah, Maharaj Balkrishna, Raja Jayalal and Mammu Khan gave her full support against the British. Apart from this, the Hindu kings Rana Beni Madhav Baksh of Baiswara, Raja Drag Bijay Singh of Mahona, Maulvi Ahmadullah Shah of Faizabad, Raja Mansingh and Raja Jayalal Singh also accompanied him in the battle of Begum Hazrat Mahal.

Hazrat Mahal crowned his 11-year-old son Birjis Qadr as the crown of Awadh on June 5, 1857, after the battle of Chinhat. The result of this battle was that the British were forced to take refuge in the Lucknow Residency. William Howard Russell wrote in his memoir- ‘My Indian Mutiny Diary’, “Begum Hazrat is endowed with tremendous energy and ability. She has involved the whole of Awadh in the fight for the rights of her son. Her chieftains have pledged to be loyal to her.” We have taken an oath and Begum has declared war against us till the last breath.”

The British sent three proposals of settlement to Begum Hazrat, but Begum turned them down. Hazrat Mahal, as the representative of his son’s throne, took over the reign of Awadh for ten months. As long as Begum Hazrat Mahal could fight with the British, she kept fighting. Eventually he had to go to Nepal and he died there in the year 1879.

Rani Laxmibai of Jhansi

There was a story heard by the Bundelon Harbole, she fought a lot, she was the queen of Jhansi. These lines of poetry still fills romance in Rome and Rome. The name of Rani Jhansi, who raised the flag of rebellion against the British, is recorded in the pages of history as an icon of bravery and courage. Even today, she comes alive in many folk-tales and folk-songs of Bundelkhand.

Lakshmibai was born in the house of a Pandit in Varanasi. Her childhood name was Manikarnika. In May 1842, she was married to Maharaja Gangadhar Rao of Jhansi and was named Rani Laxmibai. After the death of her husband in the year 1853, under Dalhousie’s usurpation policy, Jhansi was merged with the British Raj. The British refused to accept his adopted son Damodar Rao as the heir to the throne.

Rani Lakshmibai was forced out of the fort of Jhansi and forced to take her pension, but the queen did not give up. She kept saying till her death that I will not give my Jhansi. The British did not listen to a single word of the queen about the merger. In such a situation, the queen formed an army in 1857 with the neighboring states and distant claimants to the throne of Jhansi.

When the British attacked Jhansi in March, 1958, Rani fought fiercely against them. She did not give up in front of the great military power of the British, tied her son on her back and went out of the fort while galloping. After reaching Kalpi, Rani fought with Tatya Tope and she won Gwalior, but the sly British followed her here. succeeded in removing it. Now the battle was limited to the outskirts of Gwalior. On June 17, 1858, when the British fired on the queen in the battle of Sarai of Kota, five miles east of Gwalior, she fell from her horse and attained martyrdom.

Durgabhabhi gave the dodge to the British

The wife of Bhavaticharan Vohra, who made the document ‘The Philosophy of Bomb’ at the behest of the great revolutionary Chandrashekhar Azad, was famous by the name ‘Durga Bhabhi’. She was an active revolutionary. He played an important role in escaping Bhagat Singh from Lahore. In the year 1928, when Bhagat Singh and Rajguru were leaving Lahore for Calcutta after killing Saunders, she became the wife of Bhagat Singh and became the servant of Rajguru Bhagat Singh to hide their identity. In this way, Durga Bhabhi took away Bhagat Singh from the eyes of the British. Significantly, both Bhagat Singh and Durga Bhabhi were born in 1907.

Durga Bhabhi presided over the meeting to prepare a strategy to avenge the death of Lala Lajpat Rai in the year 1927 in Lahore. She wanted to take the responsibility of killing British SP JA Scott, but the organization refused her. While killing Haley, the then Governor of Bombay, an English officer was injured, Durga Bhabhi fired on that officer. A warrant had come against him in this case. After absconding for more than two years, Durga Bhabhi was arrested in Lahore on 12 September 1931.

Kanaklata Barua

Kanaklata Barua was born on December 22, 1924, in the village of Banragbari, Assam, to Krishnakant Barua. His mother Karneshwari Devi had passed away when Kanaklata was five years old. In the year 1938, his father also died. Some days her step-mother also passed away, Kanaklata became an orphan at a very young age. He was raised by his maternal grandmother. She used to help her in household chores with her grandmother and also studied diligently.

Even after such a difficult family situation, his inclination towards the national independence movement continued to grow. When a Ryot Sabha was held in Gemeri village in May 1931. At that time Kanaklata was only seven years old, but despite this, she reached the meeting with her maternal uncle Devendra Nath and Yaduram Bose.

He actively participated in the Quit India Movement. When it was decided to hoist the tricolor flag on the Tezpur court in a secret meeting held on September 20, 1942, Kanaklata took the responsibility. At the time of this movement, at the age of 17, he had shown the spirit of hoisting the tricolor in the court premises and police station. Because of this, she became the grit of the eyes of the British. During this time, on 20 September 1942, he became a victim of bullets from the British police. His martyrdom became an inspiration for many people in the freedom struggle. He is also called Veer Bala.

Also read:

Independence Day 2022: The war of 1857, which shook the heart of British rule, said it was Gadar but this was the beginning of the first war of independence

Azadi Ka Amrit Mahotsav: Politics started on tricolor in Madhya Pradesh, Congress made this big announcement in response to ‘Har Ghar Tricolor’ campaign

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