Jana Sangh contested elections at many places after its establishment, also won seats.
After the Emergency, the Jana Sangh merged with the Janata Party.
Leaders who went from Jana Sangh to Janata Party again formed Bharatiya Janata Party
At present, the Bharatiya Janata Party-led government is in the center and in many states in the country. BJP is now the most powerful party in the country. Jana Sangh is called the father party of BJP. Jana Sangh was born on 21 October 1951 and after about 25 years it merged with Janata Party. However, the reason for the breakup of the Janata Party was also the Jana Sangh. After that the Jana Sangh leaders who joined the Janata Party founded the new party in the early 80s, that was the Bharatiya Janata Party.
When this party was active in Indian politics for 25 years. During this, it fought elections from the state to the center. All India Jan Sangh was established on 21 October 1951 in Delhi. It was founded by Shyama Prasad Mukherjee, Professor Balraj Madhok and Deendayal Upadhyay. The election symbol of this party was Deepak. It won 3 seats in the 1952 parliamentary elections, including Dr. Mukherjee’s own victory.
When the then Prime Minister Indira Gandhi imposed Emergency in 1975, several political parties, including the Jana Sangh, formed a party, the Janata Party, before the 1977 elections. However, later the Janata Party broke up on the issue of double membership and trust of the leaders of the Jana Sangh.
Then a faction of the Bharatiya Jana Sangh formed the Bharatiya Janata Party under the leadership of Atal Bihari Vajpayee and LK Advani. However, the founder member of Bharatiya Jana Sangh, Professor Balraj Madhok, kept this old party alive even on paper by getting Akhil Bharatiya Jana Sangh registered with the Election Commission.
Syama Prasad Mookerjee belonged to Bengal. Influenced by Savarkar, he entered politics. He was one of the three founding leaders of the Jana Sangh. (file photo)
Let us know about the party presidents of Jana Sangh before merging with the Janata Party.
Dr. Syama Prasad Mookerjee (1951–52) – He was born on 6 July 1901 and died on 23 June 1953. He was an educationist, thinker. He matriculated in 1917. He returned from England in 1926 as a barrister. At the age of 33, he became the Vice-Chancellor of the University of Calcutta. After being influenced by Savarkar’s ideology, joined the Hindu Mahasabha. Joined India’s first cabinet. Then separated from it and founded the Jana Sangh.
Mouli Chandra Sharma (1954) – Mauli Chandra Sharma was the senior leader and lawyer of the country. He was originally a worker of the Indian National Congress but was one of the founding members of the Jana Sangh after independence. became its vice-president and president.
Prem Nath Dogra (1955) –He was the first president of Praja Parishad. He is called ‘Sher-e-Duggar’. It was the result of Dogra’s visionary thinking that the movement was started on the demand of ‘One Vidhan, One Nishan and One Pradhan’. He was in D.C. during the time of Maharaja Hari Singh. (Development Commissioner). Later became Sanghchalak of Jammu of Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh. He remained influential in the politics of Jammu till 1972.
Balraj Madhok belonged to Jammu and Kashmir. Madhok, a prolific thinker, was one of the founding leaders of the Jana Sangh. However, even when the leaders of the Jana Sangh later formed the Bharatiya Janata Party, they decided to keep the Jana Sangh alive and intact. (file photo)
Acharya Devprasad Ghosh (1956–59) –He was a mathematician, linguist, lawyer, journalist, educationist, and politician. At the age of 21, he began his career as a professor of mathematics at Ripon College. Be very active in politics. From 1956 to 1965 (except from 1960 to 1962), he was the President of the Bharatiya Jana Sangh for the longest time.
Pitambar Das (1960) – He was a Bharatiya Jana Sangh leader from Uttar Pradesh. He was also a member of Rajya Sabha from Uttar Pradesh.
Avasarala Rama Rao (1961) – Avasarala Rama Rao was an Indian politician. He was a member of the Andhra Pradesh Legislative Council.
Acharya Raghuveer (1963) – He was a linguist, eminent scholar, political leader and sage of Indian heritage. He was also a lexicographer, lexicographer and an advocate of Indian culture. He was a member of the Constituent Assembly of India. Twice elected to the Rajya Sabha. He also did the work of creating an English-Hindi technical dictionary containing 4 lakh words.
Bachhraj Vyas (1965) – Pandit Bachhraj Vyas was born in Didwana, Rajasthan. He continued his work from the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh headquarters in Nagpur. He was a pracharak of the Sangh in Rajasthan from 1944 to 1947. He was a member of the Maharashtra Legislative Council from 1958 to 1962.
Deendayal Upadhyay gave the philosophy of Indian Integralism to Jana Sangh. He was also the President of Jana Sangh and also one of the founders. (Wiki Commons)
Balraj Madhok (1966) – Professor Balraj Madhok was a nationalist thinker, a campaigner of the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh, the founder of the Jammu and Kashmir Praja Parishad. He was a senior leader of the 1960s. He was elected to the Lok Sabha twice. He did not hesitate to speak candidly. In the 1960s, he led the anti-cow slaughter movement.
Deendayal Upadhyay (1967–68) – He was a thinker and organizer of the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh. He gave an ideology called Integral Humanism. He was a supporter of inclusive ideology who wanted a strong and empowered India. Apart from politics, he also had a deep interest in literature. He wrote many articles in Hindi and English languages.
Atal Bihari Vajpayee (1969–72) Atal Bihari was also the Prime Minister of the country. His image has always been that of a leader who knows how to take everyone along. He was the foreign minister in the Janata Party government. He became the Prime Minister of the country thrice. He was a Hindi poet, journalist and a prolific speaker. He edited Rashtradharma, Panchajanya (letter) and Veer Arjun for a long time.
LK Advani (1973–77) – 94-year-old LK Advani is the only leader among the presidents of Jana Sangh who is alive. He is a senior leader of Bharatiya Janata Party. His contribution in making BJP the main party can be said to be paramount. He was the National President of BJP many times.
Tags: Atal Bihari Vajpayee, BJP, LK Advani, Pandit Deendayal Upadhyay, RSS
FIRST PUBLISHED : October 21, 2022, 12:46 IST