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NFHS-5: 23 percent of women marry before 18, 66 percent of women adopt some method of family planning

Summary

About 71 percent of girls above the age of six are getting the opportunity to go to school. However, in this case, girls from urban areas are more fortunate. In rural areas, where 66 percent of girls are going to school, in urban areas this number is 82 percent.

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When the National Family Health Survey 5 (2019-21) report came on 25th last month, some good news was received about the women of the country. On the one hand, where the number of women in the country has exceeded men for the first time i.e. now there are 1020 women per 1000 men in India. At the same time, it was seen that the number of women is also increasing in terms of using mobile phones. The number of women using mobile phones has increased to 54 percent. Whereas in 2015-16 this number was 45.9 percent. While problems like child marriage and anemia are still a hindrance in the all round development of women.

23% of women married before 18
The NFHS survey collects information to understand population, nutrition, health, conditions of women and children. In the same survey, it has been revealed that about 23 percent of women in the age group of 20 to 24 years are those who were married before the age of 18. This figure is 27 percent in rural areas and 14 percent in urban areas. In West Bengal and Bihar, around 41 per cent are women who have had child marriages. Whereas Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh and Haryana showed a decrease in the proportion of marriages at a young age.

Women know the methods of family planning
Among women aged 15 to 49, it was found in the survey that about 66 percent of women adopt some method of family planning. However, 57.2% of women of the same age are suffering from anemia. In urban areas, where the number of such women is 54.1 percent, it is 58.7 percent in rural areas.

Decline in the number of women using mobile in Haryana
However, there are some states and cities where the number of women owning mobile phones has decreased. For example, Haryana and Chandigarh have seen a marginal decline in the share of women owning mobile phones. In Haryana, 50.4 percent of women are using mobile phones, compared to 50.5 percent in the National Family Health Survey-4 (2015-16). Similarly, the Union Territory of Chandigarh also saw a decline in the percentage of women owning mobile phones. In 2015-16 i.e. NFHS-4, 74.2 percent women had their own phone but now this number is 70 percent.

Women’s ownership of house and land increased
Indian women have now started getting ownership rights over the house and land. Although this situation is not very satisfactory, but in the National Family Health Survey-4, where this number was 38.4 percent, it has now increased to 43.3 percent. However, in large agricultural states like Punjab and Uttar Pradesh, the trend of giving land or house ownership to women has increased.

For example, in Punjab, 63.5 per cent of women surveyed reported that they (singly or jointly) own a house or land. Whereas in 2015-16, only 32.1 percent women owned a house or land. Uttar Pradesh, which is a large agricultural state, has increased the share of women in the ownership of land/house. This figure was 34.2 percent in 2015-16, which has now increased to 51.9 percent.

Madhya Pradesh and Rajasthan disappointed
But Madhya Pradesh and Rajasthan, where farming is done on a large scale, did not show much development in this matter. In Madhya Pradesh, 39.9 per cent of the women surveyed are the owners of any land or house, compared to 43.5 per cent in 2015-16. Similarly, in the case of Rajasthan, the number of such women in 2020-21 was 26.6 percent. In 2015-16, this figure was 24.1 percent. In this sense, it can be said that Rajasthan has made only marginal improvement in this.

Expansion

When the National Family Health Survey 5 (2019-21) report came out on 25th last month, some good news was received about the women of the country. On the one hand, where the number of women in the country has exceeded men for the first time, that is, now there are 1020 women per 1000 men in India. At the same time, it was seen that the number of women is also increasing in terms of using mobile phones. The number of women using mobile phones has increased to 54 percent. Whereas in 2015-16 this number was 45.9 percent. While problems like child marriage and anemia are still a hindrance in the all round development of women.

23% of women married before 18

The NFHS survey collects information to understand population, nutrition, health, conditions of women and children. In the same survey, it has been revealed that about 23 percent of women in the age group of 20 to 24 years are those who were married before the age of 18. This figure is 27 percent in rural areas and 14 percent in urban areas. In West Bengal and Bihar, around 41 per cent are women who have had child marriages. Whereas Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh and Haryana showed a decrease in the proportion of marriages at a young age.

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