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Only 14% are convicted in POCSO, in every fourth case the accused and the victim know each other

POCSO Act: Data Evidence for Justice Reform (DE JURE) program in the World Bank has revealed some shocking things about the POCSO Act. After 10 years of the POCSO Act, an independent think tank, in an analysis of e-courts across the country, found that in cases registered under the POCSO Act, 43.44% cases were acquitted and only 14.03% cases resulted in conviction. finds. An analysis titled ‘A decade of POCSO’ by the Justice, Access and Lowering Delays in India (JALDI) Initiative, Vidhi Center for Legal Policy, in collaboration with the World Bank’s Data Evidence for Justice Reform (DE JURE) organization came to the fore.

In the analysis, from 2012 to 2021, 2,30,730 cases of e-courts located in 486 districts of 28 states and union territories were studied. To understand this law in more detail, 138 cases registered under it were studied in detail, and it was found that in 22.9 percent cases the accused and the victim were known to each other.

In 3.7% of the cases, the victim and the accused were family members. At the same time, in 18% of cases, there was talk of a love affair between the victim and the accused before forming a physical relationship, while in 44% of the cases both the accused and the victim were completely unknown to each other.

In 96% cases the accused was known to the victim

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According to data released by the National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB) in 2021, in 96 per cent cases registered under the Poxo Act, the accused was an acquaintance of the victim. Of the 138 cases that Vidhi Pahal studied in depth, it was found that 5.47 per cent of the victims were girls below the age of 10 years. In 17.8 per cent of the cases, the victim girls were between 10-15 years old and in 28 per cent cases between 15-18 years, while in 48 per cent cases the age of the victim girls could not be ascertained.

In 6.8% cases, the accused is older than 45 years.

On the other hand, in 11.6 percent of the cases in the research, the age of the accused was between 19-25 years. In 10.9 per cent cases, the accused was between 25-35 years, while in 6.1 per cent the accused was between 35-45 and in 6.8 per cent the accused was above 45 years. In 44 per cent cases, the age of the accused could not be ascertained. Overall, it was found from this analysis that 56 per cent of the cases registered under the POCSO Act are related to penetrative offences. 31.18 per cent cases were found to be sexual assault, while 25.59 per cent cases were related to serious penetrative offences.

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