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Poverty declining in India, 415 million people came out of poverty in 15 years – United Nations report

Highlights

14 crore people came out of poverty between 2019-21
Poverty percentage 21.2 in rural areas, 5.5% in cities

United Nations. The United Nations has said in its latest report that between 2005-06 to 2019-21, about 415 million people in India have come out of poverty and a ‘historic change’ has been seen in this matter. India’s poverty alleviation efforts were appreciated in the new Multidimensional Poverty Index ‘MPI’ released on Monday by the United Nations Development Program ‘UNDP’ and the Oxford Poverty and Human Development Initiative ‘OPHI’. According to this, during the year 2005-06 to 2019-21, 415 crore people in India were successful in getting out of poverty.

In the MPI report, this success has been described as a remarkable effort towards the achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals. “This shows that it is possible to achieve the Sustainable Development Goals of halving the number of poor by 2030 in a big way,” the report says. Giving details of this report in a press release, the United Nations said that during these 15 years in India, the lifting of about 415 million people out of the clutches of multidimensional poverty is a historic change.

According to this report, ‘India’s case is worth studying from the perspective of Sustainable Development Goals. It is about eradicating poverty completely and halving the number of all men, women and children living in poverty by 2030. The report says that according to the population figures of India in the year 2020, the number of 2289 crore poor is the highest in the world. Nigeria ranks second in this list after India with 9.67 million poor.

what do the figures say
According to this, ‘Despite the tremendous success, it is a challenging task to bring these 22.89 crore poor people out of the purview of poverty in 2019-21. We also have to keep in mind that this number has definitely increased after the data was collected. It is worth noting that in 2019-21, 97 million children in India were in the clutches of poverty, which is more than the total number of poor present in any other country. Yet a multi-faceted policy approach suggests that integrated interventions can improve the lives of millions of people.

People who became very weak financially during the Corona period
However, this report states that despite all efforts, India’s population remains vulnerable to the ill effects of the Kovid-19 epidemic and rising food and fuel prices. It has also been advocated to give priority to integrated policies to deal with nutritious food and energy prices. It states that the impact of the Kovid 19 epidemic on poverty has not been fully assessed. The reason for this is 71 percent of the figures of 2019-2021 related to the Population and Health Survey, before the epidemic.

14 crore people came out of poverty between 2019-21
According to this report, a total of 1.2 billion people in 111 countries of the world, or 19.1 percent of the population, are living a life of extreme multidimensional poverty. Even half of these people i.e. 59.3 crores are of children only. The decline in the number of poor in India has also been divided into two periods. During the year 2005-06 to 2015-16, while 27.5 crore people came out of poverty, between 2015-16 and 2019-21, 14 crore people were successful in coming out of poverty. If we talk about regional poverty, then in Bihar, Jharkhand and Uttar Pradesh of India, there has been a sharp decline in the number of net poor during 2015-16 to 2019-21.

Poverty percentage 21.2 in rural areas, 5.5 in cities
At the same time, the proportion of poor is 21.2 percent in rural areas, while this ratio is 5.5 percent in urban areas. About 90 percent of the total poor people are from rural areas. India’s MPI value and poverty status have both come down by more than half. The report says ‘India’s progress shows that achieving the Sustainable Development Goals is possible even on such a large scale’.

Tags: New Delhi news, Poverty, United nations

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