Air Quality In Delhi -NCR: Delhi’s air quality improved marginally on Wednesday (November 3) due to relatively better conditions. The Air Quality Management Commission (CQM) said the restrictions under the fourth phase of the Graded Response Action Plan (GRAP) do not need to be implemented immediately. The restrictions under the fourth phase of GRAP include ban on entry of trucks and closure of educational institutions. SAFAR, an agency under the Union Ministry of Earth Sciences, said the share of stubble burning in Delhi’s 2.5 PM pollution rose to 32 per cent due to favorable transport-level wind speeds.
Transport-level winds blow in the lowest two layers of the atmosphere – the troposphere and the stratosphere – and bring smoke from farm stubble burning into the National Capital Region. Meteorological experts said moderately favorable surface-level wind speeds (up to 8 kmph) did not allow the pollutants to accumulate rapidly.
what was the condition of delhi
Delhi’s 24-hour air quality index (AQI) stood at 376, up from 424 on Tuesday, its worst since December 26 last year when it was 459. Addressing a press conference, Delhi Environment Minister Gopal Rai said that the impact of air pollution is not limited to the national capital and other National Capital Region (NCR) cities like Ghaziabad (AQI 332), Noida (339), Gurugram (NCR) The situation is equally bad in 310, Greater Noida (336) and Faridabad (346). He appealed to the residents of Delhi to work from home or reduce the use of vehicles, which is a major contributor to air pollution in the national capital.
Campaign will run in many parts
The minister said that the Delhi government will conduct special drives at 13 high-polluting places in Delhi, including Narela, Anand Vihar, Mundka, Dwarka and Punjabi Bagh. “Fire vehicles will be deployed to sprinkle water at these places,” he said. Rai also hit out at the BJP, saying it was politicizing the issue of air pollution. “The BJP supported polluting activities – opposed the ban on firecrackers, stopped the implementation of the ‘Gaadi Band Pe Red Light’ campaign and is now violating the ban on polluting activities in the capital. Doing politics on the issue.
Aam Aadmi Party leader Rai said farmers in Punjab were forced to burn stubble as the BJP-led central government did not support the state government’s plan to give them cash incentives for not burning stubble. AAP party is in power in Punjab. The National Commission for Protection of Child Rights (NCPCR) has asked the Delhi government to keep schools closed till the air quality in the national capital improves. Rai said the request would be sent to the Air Quality Management Commission (CQM), which would decide on the matter.
how was it
Meteorologists said the air quality is likely to return to the severe category on Thursday and Friday due to the impact of stubble burning. However, the situation is expected to improve on Saturday due to strong surface wind, he said. A slight improvement in air quality was evident on Wednesday morning at Palam and Safdarjung airports with better visibility levels (1,500 metres). However, Anand Vihar (422), Bawana (431), Wazirpur (418), Narela (406), Vivek Vihar (405), Patparganj (410), Jahangirpuri (422), Sonia Vihar (417), Nehru Nagar (406) And the monitoring station at Ashok Vihar (406) recorded the air quality in the ‘severe’ category.
What did the University of Chicago say
An AQI above 400 is considered ‘severe’ and can affect healthy people and severely affect people with existing diseases. According to the Energy Policy Institute in the University of Chicago’s (EPIC) Air Quality Life Index (AQLI) released in June, the life expectancy of Delhi residents will be reduced by 10 years due to poor air quality. With pollution levels deteriorating, the CAQM on Saturday directed officials to ban construction and demolition activities and other except essential projects in Delhi-NCR and implement other restrictions under Phase III of GRAP.
was implemented for the first time in 2017
The ‘GRAP’, first implemented in 2017, is a system of anti-pollution measures in the national capital and its adjoining areas according to the gravity of the situation. Under this, the air quality in Delhi-NCR has been classified into four different stages- Phase I – ‘poor’ (AQI 201-300); Stage II – ‘Very Bad’ (AQI 301-400); Stage 3 – ‘Severe’ (AQI 401-450); And the fourth phase – ‘Very Severe’ (AQI more than 450) pollution control measures are being implemented three days in advance based on the forecast this year.
What are the restrictions
Steps to be implemented under the fourth phase of GRAP include ban on entry of trucks into Delhi, allowing 50 per cent workers in government and private offices to work from home, closure of educational institutions and registration on the basis of odd-even registration numbers. Including the operation of vehicles. However, a CQM official told PTI that there is no need to immediately implement the restrictions under the fourth phase as the air quality is expected to improve in the coming days.
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