Vinayak Damodar Savarkar is a pioneer of Indian right-wing politics. On the other hand, Syama Prasad Mookerjee was the founder of the Jana Sangh, the predecessor of the modern BJP. Savarkar served the black water sentence in the Andaman Jail from 1911 to 1921. The severe torture is right. He ignited the fire of revolution against the British. On the other hand, Mukherjee strongly opposed the parallel Prime Minister, separate flag, separate constitution of India in Jammu and Kashmir after independence. Opposed the permit system. Then people from other states of India needed to get a permit to go to Jammu and Kashmir. Mukherjee died mysteriously in 1953 while in custody in Jammu and Kashmir. Prime Minister Narendra Modi specially named these two personalities from the ramparts of the Red Fort.
PM Modi said, ‘The entire period of slavery has been spent in the struggle for freedom. There was no corner of India like this, there was no time when the countrymen had not fought for years and years against slavery, had not spent their lives, had not suffered tortures, had not sacrificed. He said, ‘Today is an opportunity for all of us countrymen to bow down to every such great man, every sacrifice, every sacrifice. There is an opportunity to accept his loan and take a pledge to fulfill his dreams at the earliest, remembering him. We all countrymen are grateful to Pujya Bapu, Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose, Babasaheb Ambedkar, Veer Savarkar who spent their lives on the path of duty. The path of duty was his life path.
Savarkar made an invaluable contribution in the freedom struggle. But his critics repeatedly refer to his letters ‘apologizing’ to the British. Savarkar was also a victim of the narrow-mindedness of ideologically assessing the contribution of an individual in nation building, so did Mukherjee. Now since there is a right-wing government, the Prime Minister is remembering these two personalities by keeping them in the line of Gandhi, Patel, Nehru.
PM Modi spoke of unity and solidarity in his speech from the Red Fort. He said that we have to celebrate the diversity of such a large country. No one is low, no one is high, no one is yours, no one is alien. The mantra to bind us with unity is – India First. We have to end the discrimination of high and low and mine and yours. These words of PM Modi do not apply only to the feeling of social high and low, discrimination. It also applies to the narrowness of dividing great men into high and low, yours and mines.
Interestingly, a day earlier, there was a heated argument between the BJP and the Congress on Twitter. On the occasion of Partition Vibhishika Memorial Day on August 14, BJP released a video on Twitter blaming the Nehru-led Congress for the partition of the country. Union Minister Dharmendra Pradhan wrote that the Congress did not like ‘Akhand Bharat’ during the freedom struggle and neither now.
On the other hand, Congress leader Jairam Ramesh blamed Savarkar for the partition. Ramesh tweeted, ‘The truth is that Savarkar gave the two-nation theory and Jinnah perfected it. Sardar Patel wrote – I felt that if we had not accepted the partition, India would have been divided into many pieces and would have been completely ruined.
Well, it’s politics. It is the era of politicization of great men. If someone does not like Savarkar with open eyes, then Nehru is seen behind every problem of today. It is only a matter of political turmoil that every great man of opposite views seems to be a dwarf.