The leader who should be given credit to Sangol
It was C Rajagopalachari who had given the idea of using Sangol to transfer power at the time of independence to Lord Mountbatten and Nehru.
He was the first Governor General of the country, then became the Union Home Minister after Patel. Then challenging Nehru, he also formed a new party.
Rajagopalachari’s daughter became the wife of Mahatma Gandhi’s youngest son Devdas, this marriage was a love marriage.
With the inauguration of the new parliament in the country, the one thing that is discussed the most is the scepter used in the tradition of the Chola kings i.e. Sangol. This Sangol was used when the British were transferring their power to India. The country was getting free. C Rajagopalachari, a scholar, was behind the plan to symbolically hand over Sangol from the then last British Viceroy, Lord Mountbatten, to Nehru, who told Nehru that the Chola kings used to pass Sangol from one hand to another in the transfer of power. . Nehru agreed to his plan. Sangol is made. Used at the time of independence. Had C Rajagopalachari not been there, surely Sangol would not have been used as a symbol of Indian culture, nor would it have been installed in the new parliament with such a loud noise.
Do you know who was C. Rajagopalachari, whose ardent admirer was Mahatma Gandhi as well as Nehru but he himself used to listen to his conscience. For this reason, whenever he was against Gandhiji, he challenged Nehru. He was such a leader, whose words were difficult for anyone to ignore. know about them. Incidentally, he also became the tomb of Mahatma Gandhi.
He was born on 10 December 1972 in Krishnagiri district of Tamil Nadu. Azad was the first Indian Governor General of India. Nehru wanted to make him the first President but this could not happen. He is also considered as the Chanakya of modern Indian history. At one time he was a very big lawyer. The credit goes to Gandhiji for bringing him into politics.
The story of how he became a relative of Gandhiji is also interesting. He was very close to Nehru before but later became unhappy with him. Formed his new party. Contested election. Made the party a force, but in a few years, the way his party had emerged as a force, it also disappeared.
Chakravarti Rajagopalachari is more commonly known as Rajaji. He was a lawyer, writer, politician and philosopher. His father was a judge in the court of Salem in Tamil Nadu. Rajaji was a genius in reading. Used to pass first class continuously. Gandhi became the reason for Rajaji’s entry into politics. Gandhi’s non-cooperation movement had such an impact on him that he left his solid advocacy and started wearing Khadi.
It was the idea of C. Rajagopalachari to use the 05 feet long golden Sangol as a scepter at the time of independence as an Indian symbol of transfer of power. After this, a jeweler from Chennai got it made within a month and was sent to Delhi.
The status of Rajaji’s practice was that he was the first lawyer in Salem to buy a car. Gandhi’s untouchability movement and programs of Hindu-Muslim unity impressed him the most. After the elections held in 1937, Rajaji became the Prime Minister of Madras (then a post equivalent to the Chief Minister). In 1939, when the Viceroy unilaterally pushed India into World War II, he resigned in protest.
Gandhiji’s friend and close advisor
He was very close to Gandhiji. Often, when he had to seek advice on serious matters, Rajaji was often remembered. The intimacy of both increased so much that Rajaji sent his daughter to live in Gandhiji’s ashram. Rajaji’s daughter Lakshmi fell in love with Gandhiji’s younger son Devdas when she was living in Wardha’s ashram.
just like that they became a tomb
Devdas was then 28 years old and Lakshmi was 15. Then neither Gandhiji nor Rajaji was in favor of this marriage. Perhaps being from different castes, both were not ready for this at that time. He put a very tough condition with Devdas that he should stay away from Lakshmi for 05 years. If even then the love of both of them remains for each other, then they will be married. So did happen. Then both got married. In this way, Rajaji and Gandhiji became samadhi among themselves.
read this also – Bapu’s son’s love story, when Gandhiji had to bow down before love
Many times differences with Gandhiji and Congress also
After joining the Congress, Rajaji started actively participating in its movements. Soon he joined the top leaders in the country’s politics and Congress. Of course, Gandhiji used to take advice from him, but many times there were situations of differences between the two. Many times he was also found standing openly against the Congress. But it was certain that he did not do any work unnecessarily.
C. Rajagopalachari married his younger daughter to Gandhiji’s youngest son Devdas. However, it was also considered quite revolutionary as an inter-caste marriage at that time.
When Gandhiji was in jail, he used to edit Young India.
How close he was to Gandhiji, it is known from the fact that whenever Gandhiji was in jail, Chakraborty used to edit the letter ‘Young India’ edited by him. Whenever Gandhiji was asked, ‘When you are in jail, then who is supposed to be your successor outside?’ Then Gandhiji would spontaneously say, ‘Rajaji, who else?’ The relationship between the two became even stronger when, in 1933, Chakraborty’s daughter and Gandhi’s son Devdas tied the knot.
However, during the beginning of the Second World War, he became determined with the Congress. He was standing against Gandhiji. Gandhiji was of the opinion that only moral support should be given to the British government in this war, while Rajaji said that all kinds of cooperation should be given to the British government on the condition of giving complete independence to India. The differences increased so much that Rajaji resigned from the membership of the Congress executive. However, he returned to the Congress.
Warned about partition 05 years ago
He was the first person who agreed on the partition of the country in 1942 at the Allahabad Congress session. Although there was a lot of opposition to him at that time, he did not care about it. Although the same thing happened in 1947, which he had said five years ago. These were all the reasons that the leaders of the Congress considered his foresight and intelligence to be iron.
Was not happy with the policies of Nehru and Congress
In 1946, the country’s interim government was formed. He was made industry minister in the central government. After the independence of the country in 1947, he became the Governor of Bengal. The very next year the first ‘Governor General’ of independent India. When Nehru could not make him the first President of the country, he was again taken into the Union Cabinet in 1950. He became a Lok Sabha member in the 1952 general elections and was elected Chief Minister of Madras. But after a few years, being unhappy with Nehru and the Congress, he left both the Chief Minister’s post and the Congress.
Rajaji had reservations about Congress and the then Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru’s inclination towards leftist socialism. He believed that this would harm the Congress. Due to this difference, he thought of breaking away from the Congress and forming a new nationalist party. Swatantra Party was formed on 4 June 1959.
The speed with which the new Swatantra Party emerged, ended with the same shock
Rajaji announced to form a separate party. The name of this party was Swatantra Party. This party, formed 61 years ago, also played the role of a strong opposition. He founded this party along with stalwarts like NG Ranga and Meenu Masani. However, the speed with which it emerged, after that it also ended with the same shock in just 15 years.
Although initially Nehru and Rajaji were not very close even after being together in the Congress, Nehru was influenced by him. In 1946, both started working more closely. He worked with Nehru ji in many situations but later there was a difference of opinion regarding his policies. He broke away and formed a new party.
What were the reasons for the rise of the Swatantra Party?
1. Rejection of Nehruvian socialism, which has allegedly drifted towards the ideology of the Communist Party.
2. Those leaders including Rajagopalachari were included in the Swatantra Party, who had base and influence among the masses.
3. Many leaders of this party were seen as faces till the post of Prime Minister.
4. The parties formed by the royals of Bihar, Orissa joined the Swatantra Party and in 1967 the Swatantra Party came into the main opposition as the second largest party in these states. After this the royals of Rajasthan joined this party. The inclusion of Maharani Gayatri Devi was a big event.
5. In this party, leaders like Bhailalbhai Patel were preparing the ground in Gujarat, while in Tamil Nadu the regional parties of Kamaraj and Ganesan were merging into Swatantra Party. At the same time, the charismatic leadership of NG Ranga was strengthening the Swatantra Party in Andhra.
6. Even after 20 years of independence, Swatantra Party was making issues like poverty, illiteracy and trying to be the voice of farmers, small workers and lower and middle class. People were also being made aware against the corruption of the government.
How was the rise of Swatantra Party visible?
The first election after the formation of the party in 1959 was in 1962. The newly formed Swatantra Party won 18 Lok Sabha seats in this election. The Swatantra Party emerged as the main opposition to the Congress in Bihar, Rajasthan, Gujarat and Orissa. After this, the Swatantra Party became more successful in the 1967 elections as it won 44 Lok Sabha seats. During this time, this party was considered to be the biggest challenge before the Congress, but the party could not even save its existence in the next elections.
The result broke everyone’s heart
In the elections of 1971, when the Swatantra Party got only 8 seats, everyone’s heart was broken. Masani resigned and despite several attempts by Rajaji and the Swatantra Party, he did not come back, but within a short time he also retired from active politics. With the death of Rajaji on December 25, 1972, the Swatantra Party also came to an end, but in the next two years, this party remained alive with three presidents.
read this also – What is that parnami sect, which Gandhiji’s mother believed in
Nehru was already warned from China
Ramachandra Guha in his book “The Last Liberal” described Rajaji as the most learned man in India. Gandhiji used to call him the keeper of his conscience. Guha writes that if he had been listened to in 1942 regarding the partition, we might have been saved from the bloodshed arising out of the partition. As Home Minister in the Nehru cabinet, he had warned him about the expansionist plans of Communist China in 1951 itself. It is said that he used to have precognition of all things.
Rajaji believed that the atomic bomb was the product of man’s arrogance. Man has started believing that he too has got the same privilege as God.
opposed to women’s work
Although Guha writes, Rajaji was always in favor of cordial relations with Pakistan. His wish was also that the people of Kashmir should live life with respect and dignity. Also, he was among the first to advocate a market-based economy. Although he was against the work of women. He also commented on how a woman with children can think of working.
In 1954, Raja ji was awarded ‘Bharat Ratna’. He was rich in scholar and wonderful writing talent. He was a very good writer in Tamil and English. His commentaries on ‘Gita’ and ‘Upanishads’ are famous. He died on December 28, 1972 in Chennai.
Tags: Rajgopalachari, Gandhi, Jawaharlal Nehru, New Parliament Building
FIRST PUBLISHED : May 26, 2023, 18:47 IST