1836: Establishment of Madras Chamber of Commerce and Industry.
1942: Matangini Hazra was shot dead at the age of 72 while leading a Congress procession in the August Movement in Tumluk, Bengal.
1923: Britain’s consent to the establishment of a ghetto in Palestine according to the Balfour Declaration (1917) is finally approved by the Council of the Leading Nations, which came into force on this day.
1938: Poland reiterates its authority over Teschen. After World War I this affluent area was divided between Poland and Czechoslovakia. There was a strain in the relations between the two countries regarding the rights over this area.
1959: Aarti Saha of India swam across the ‘English Channel’. She became the first woman in Asia to do so. Due to the gushing waves and icy waters, it was a difficult challenge to swim across this huge water body and it is called ‘Mount Everest of Swimming’. Aarti successfully completed this dangerous journey at the age of 19.
1961: The birth of Julia Gillard, the first female Prime Minister of Australia. Born in Wales, Julia became Prime Minister of Australia in 2010.
1962: Birla Planetarium opened in Calcutta.
1970: Union Carbide set up the first water treatment facility at its Chemicals and Plastics plant in Bombay. The treated sewage water was to be used for industrial purposes.
1977: India and Bangladesh sign a treaty on the sharing of Ganga river water.
1988: Two and a half years after the Challenger crash, the US successfully launches its first manned spacecraft.
2016: India claimed to have attacked the hideouts of terrorists hiding around the border in the process of infiltration by conducting surgical strikes against Pakistan. Pakistan denied India’s claim.
2020: Sheikh Sabah Al Ahmed Al Sabah, the Emir (ruler) of Kuwait, has died at the age of 91. He became Emir of Kuwait in 2006.