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Who will administer the oath to the new Excellency, know the power of the President, from salary to facilities

New Delhi : The country is going to get its 15th President today. The candidate who wins today will replace President Ram Nath Kovind. Kovind’s term ends on July 24. So the new President will take the oath of office on July 25. In such a situation, the question must be arising in your mind that after all, who administers the oath to the person sitting on the top constitutional post of the country. After all, what powers does the person sitting on this highest position have. What are the facilities available to the constitutional head of the country? Let us know about it in detail.

Article 54 mentions presidential election
The election of the President of India is mentioned in Article 54 of the Constitution. Accordingly, the President is elected indirectly. The election of the President is carried out by proportional representation by means of the single transferable vote. The President is elected by an Electoral College. The President of India is elected in a special way by voting. This is called Single Transferable Vote System. Single vote means a voter casts only one vote. But in this he votes for many candidates on the basis of his preference. This means that on the ballot paper, he tells who is his first choice and who is second, third.

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Chief Justice administers oath to the President
The President of India is administered the oath by the Chief Justice of the country. In the absence of the Chief Justice, the Senior Most Justice of the Supreme Court can administer the oath. Article 60 of the Constitution clearly mentions about administering the oath to the President. The term of the President is 5 years. He is appointed by the electoral college.

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Who holds office in the event of the death of the President?
In the event of the President’s death or any other reason remaining vacant, the Vice-President takes over. When the Vice President takes over as the President, before that he has to take the oath of office. This oath is administered by the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court. If the post of Vice President is also vacant at that time, then this responsibility is handled by the Chief Justice of the country. In case the post of CJI also falls vacant, this responsibility falls on the shoulders of the senior most judge of the Supreme Court.

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Can resign to the Vice President
If the situation arises for the President to resign, then the role of the Vice President becomes important in this situation. The President can resign by handing over his letter to the Vice President. The office of the President cannot remain vacant for more than 6 months.

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Why President’s Oath on 25th July?
There is no mention in the constitution about when the President will take oath. In fact, in 1977, Neelam Sanjiva Reddy was elected president unopposed. He was sworn in as the President on 25 July 1977. Since then it has become a tradition. Since then all the Presidents take oath on 25 July.

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What are the powers of the President?
The President of India is like the Queen of Britain, whose work is more figurative. The President supervises the working of the country’s political institutions so that they can work together to achieve the objectives of the state. If you read the constitution of the country, it will seem that there is nothing that the President cannot do. Under Article 53, the executive power of the Union shall be vested in the President. The President shall exercise it himself or through officers subordinate to him in accordance with the Constitution.

  • The President is the Supreme Commander of the Defense Forces of India
  • Under Article 72, the President can also waive, suspend or reduce the sentence of any person convicted of an offence. The President also has the power to decide on the punishment of the death row convict.
  • The Chief Justice of India appoints judges of the Supreme Court and High Courts of the state, governors, election commissioners and ambassadors to other countries.
  • Under Article 352, the President can declare emergency in the country in the event of war or external aggression or armed rebellion.
  • Under Article 356, in the event of failure of the constitutional machinery on the part of the President, on the basis of the report of the Governor, President’s rule can be imposed there.
  • The President can nominate to the Rajya Sabha 12 persons having special knowledge or practical experience in literature, science, art and social service under Article 80.
  • The President also has the power under Article 360 ​​to declare financial emergency in case of financial crisis in India or any part of its territory.
  • According to Article 75, ‘The Prime Minister shall be appointed by the President.
  • In the Lok Sabha elections, when no party or coalition gets a clear majority, in this situation, the President, using his discretion, invites the particular party to form the government.
  • All international agreements and treaties are in the name of the President.
  • Any bill passed by the Parliament becomes law only after the approval of the President.
  • If the President wishes, he can stop that bill for some time. He can also send the bill back to Parliament for reconsideration.
  • If Parliament passes that bill again, the President will have to sign it.
  • All the laws of the country and the major policy decisions of the government are made in the name of the President.
  • The President exercises his powers only on the advice of the Council of Ministers.
  • The President can ask the Council of Ministers to reconsider its advice. But right there, if the advice comes again, he is bound to follow it.

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How much salary does the President get?
Presently the salary of the President of India is Rs 5 lakh per month. Apart from this, other allowances are given. Before 2017, the salary of the President was only 1.5 lakh rupees per month. At that time the salary of top bureaucrats and cabinet ministers was more than this. The President also gets free medical facilities, house, electricity, telephone bills and other allowances. The President receives a specially designed Mercedes Benz S600 Pullman Guard vehicle for commuting. The President’s fleet consists of 25 vehicles. The President has special bodyguards. They are called Presidential Bodyguards. Their number is 86. After stepping down from office, the President gets a pension of Rs 1.5 lakh. As a former President, he is given a free bungalow, one mobile phone, two free landline phones and lifetime free treatment. The ex-President gets 60 thousand rupees for the expenses of the staff. The former President also gets the facility of free travel by train or air with an aide with him.

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