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Why is the body embalming of the dead in the train accident happening? what is this

Balasore Train Accident: Hundreds of people have died in the train accident that took place on Friday evening in Balasore, Odisha. In these, more than 100 dead bodies have not been identified yet. The situation was so bad that to save the dead bodies from rotting, they have been kept in mortuaries in many hospitals including Bhubaneswar AIIMS. Embalming is being done to prevent these dead bodies from decomposing. In this way dead bodies can be preserved for longer than usual. Know what embalming is and how it is done?

Odisha Chief Minister Naveen Patnaik has also announced to provide free transport facility to the bodies of those killed in the Balasore train accident. State Government Chief Secretary Pradeep Jena said that after due process all the bodies have been handed over to be sent to their respective places. The Odisha government wants all the dead bodies to be identified so that their families can perform the last rites. Keeping the dead bodies safe is a big challenge in the current hot weather. According to Chief Secretary Jena, the dead bodies are rapidly decomposing in the hot weather.

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What is an embalming facility?
The embalming facility is used to preserve the dead body for a longer period than usual i.e. to prevent it from decomposing. In this, special chemicals are coated on the dead body. This work is done under the supervision of doctors and forensic experts. The experts of the Anatomy Department preserve the dead bodies by applying such paste. Whereas, the forensic medicine team does the postmortem. In simple language, the process of applying chemicals to keep the dead body safe is called embalming. Apart from Bhubaneswar AIIMS, the unclaimed dead bodies have also been kept in Capital Hospital, Amri Hospital, Sum Hospital.

In the embalming process, chemicals are applied to the body of a dead person to temporarily preserve the remains.

How to do embalming?
Embalming is a process in which chemicals are applied to the body of a deceased person to temporarily preserve the remains and slow down the process of decomposition. By the way, the process of coating has been prevalent in different forms for thousands of years. Bhubaneshwar AIIMS has bought a large number of coffins, ice and formalin chemical for embalming. After cleaning the dead body properly, the experts of the anatomy department coat it with formalin chemical. After this it is kept in a coffin and kept in a cold room. With this the dead body can be kept safe for some more time.

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When is it needed?
Different states have different rules regarding embalming. Still, when a dead body has to be taken to a long distance by plane or train or outside the international border, then embalming is done. If there is a gap of more than a week between the death of a person and the last rites, then the embalming facility is used. A large number of dead in the Odisha train accident are not being identified. In such a situation, the Odisha government has chosen the option of embalming.

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What happens after death?
After death, there are many changes in the dead body. At the time of death, the heart of a person stops working. Then slowly breathing, sound coming, lungs, brain stop working. The condition immediately after death is called pallor mortis. In this, the body starts turning yellow due to the stop of blood circulation. The pupils of the eyes become stone. Then due to low oxygen level, the body temperature starts decreasing. In the second stage algor mortis, the process of cooling of the body becomes faster. After 1 hour of death, due to stiffness of muscles, the whole body starts stiffening. Within 8 to 12 hours of death, blood starts accumulating towards the part of the body that is attached to the ground. Tissues start breaking down within 24 hours. Water gets filled in the body parts.

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After 24 hours of death, bacteria and fungus start rotting the internal organs of the body.

When does the dead body start rotting?
After 24 hours of death, bacteria and fungus start rotting the internal organs of the body. After 2 days of death, the dead body starts rotting. Blisters start appearing on the body. Blood starts dripping from the mouth and nose of the dead body. Within 10 days of death, the bacteria present in the intestines of the dead body start eating the tissues. Due to the formation of gas, the stomach of the dead body starts bloating and a very pungent smell starts coming. Then the tongue starts hanging. The color of the dead body starts turning green. Hair, nails and teeth begin to separate two weeks after death. The skin starts hanging like wax. After a month, the skin either becomes watery or dry. It depends on the weather around the dead body.

Tags: dead body in deep freezer, Odisha Train Accident, research, train accident

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