AIDS damages the body’s immune system.
AIDS infection spreads most blood to blood.
AIDS Risk Factors & Preventions: Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) is commonly known as AIDS. It is a chronic immune system disease, which slowly leads a person to death. of the World Health Organization (WHO) Report According to the WHO, by the year 2021, about 38 million people were battling HIV in the world. Last year, 6.50 lakh people died due to AIDS in the world. These include people of all ages. Lakhs of cases are reported every year in India. On the occasion of World AIDS Day, we will know from the doctor how this disease affects people and how it can be avoided.
What is AIDS and how does it attack the body?
of New Delhi Dr. Rakesh Gupta, Senior Consultant (Medicine), Indraprastha Apollo Hospital First of all it needs to be understood that there is a big difference between HIV and AIDS. HIV is a viral infection, which spreads from blood to blood in the body of people. Once this infection comes in the body, it remains for life. Sometimes it does not cause problems for people for years. When this viral infection spreads and damages various organs including lungs, kidney, liver, immune system, skin, then this condition is called AIDS. This infection makes the immune system fail and starts damaging various organs of the body.
Is being HIV positive not AIDS?
Dr. Rakesh Gupta says that some people are HIV positive, but they do not have AIDS. Such people can live their life without any complications. Viral load shows the extent of HIV infection in a person’s body. If HIV is treated at the right time, then the condition of AIDS can be avoided by controlling it. In today’s era, there are many medicines, which can control this virus to a great extent. People also need to be aware about this.
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AIDS can be spread by these mistakes
According to the doctor, HIV infection spreads blood to blood. Blood transfusion, used syringe, other person’s blade, unprotected sex are the biggest reasons for the spread of HIV. Homosexual people are more prone to this, because such people can easily come in contact with each other’s blood. If you have gum problems and bleeding, then kissing can make the other person a victim of HIV infection. Any kind of blood to blood connection can spread the infection. AIDS does not spread by shaking hands or eating food together.
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These people are most at risk of AIDS
According to experts, AIDS can happen to people of any age. Although sexually active people are most at risk of this. Homosexual people can also easily fall prey to it. People who do work related to blood, they are also more at risk. These days more and more youth are coming in the grip of this disease. You will be surprised to know that due to some mistakes even children become victims of AIDS. That’s why it is very important to avoid it.
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What is the test and treatment for AIDS?
Dr. Rakesh Gupta says that HIV antibody, ELISA HIV antibody and Western Blot test are done to check AIDS. HIV infection is confirmed in these tests. When you donate blood, HIV is also tested at that time. If we talk about treatment, then first of all the doctors see that what is the viral load of your HIV. If it is very less then treatment is not needed. If it is too much then it is treated according to the symptoms. At present, there are very good medicines which can control HIV in 99% of the cases. Till now no such medicine has been made which can eliminate this problem from the root. It can only be controlled.
The easiest way to avoid AIDS
Avoid coming in contact with someone’s blood
Do not have unprotected sex
– Distance should be made from used injection
Do not share the blade of any person.
Do not share cigarette with anyone
Consult a doctor if in doubt
Tags: aids, health, H.I.V., Lifestyle
FIRST PUBLISHED : December 01, 2022, 07:35 IST