World Down Syndrome Day 2023: Down syndrome has bad effect on body and mind, know what is this disease


Down syndrome is a lifelong condition, for which there is no exact treatment.
This disorder affects the physical and mental development of children.

All About Down Syndrome: Crores of people around the world are struggling with such diseases and disorders, about which many people do not know. Special days are celebrated from time to time to spread awareness about these diseases. World Down Syndrome Day is celebrated every year on 21 March. Down syndrome is a genetic disorder, which affects children from birth and they have to struggle with one or the other disability throughout their life. People suffering from this disorder do not get respect and rights like everyone else. Today we will tell you what is Down syndrome and what are its symptoms. Along with this, we will also tell what is the treatment of this disorder.

According to the report of the Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), Down syndrome is a condition in which a person has an extra chromosome in his body. Chromosomes are small packages of genes. Chromosomes determine how a baby’s body will form and function during pregnancy and after birth. Usually a child is born with 46 chromosomes. Babies with Down syndrome have an extra copy of one of these chromosomes, a condition called trisomy. This extra chromosome affects the development of the child’s body and brain. This can cause both mental and physical challenges for the baby.

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IQ level decreases

People suffering from Down syndrome may look like normal people, but everyone’s abilities are different. The IQ level of people with Down syndrome is in the low to medium range. Children suffering from this syndrome are slow in speaking as compared to other children. It is the most common chromosomal condition and millions of children are affected by it every year. About 6000 babies are born with this condition in the USA every year. Thousands of its cases come to the fore in India as well. The physical and mental development of children suffering from this disorder is slow and due to this they have to face a lot of challenges.

down syndrome symptoms

– flat face shape
– almond eyes
– short neck
– small ears
– small hands and feet
– low height
– weak muscles
– tongue sticking out of mouth
– Difficulty speaking
– trouble remembering

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What is its treatment and prevention?

Down syndrome is a life-long condition. It cannot be completely eradicated by any treatment. Early detection helps children with Down syndrome improve their physical and intellectual abilities. Children with Down syndrome may also need extra support or attention in school. There is no way to prevent Down syndrome. If you are at high risk of having a child with Down syndrome or you already have a child with Down syndrome, women can consult a genetic counselor before becoming pregnant.

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