E-Vehicles: Better for both environment and pocket, but due to this problem people are not taking electric vehicles
The running cost of electric vehicles is many times less than that of petro-diesel vehicles.
The registration charges and road tax for electric vehicles are very low in many states.
But electric vehicles are not completely eco-friendly.
New Delhi. In the midst of ever-increasing pollution, electric vehicles are considered to be the need of a clean future. Clean future means a pollution free future, a future where carbon emissions are minimal. In a country like India, where many cities top the global list of pollution, this need increases even more. Government is also promoting such vehicles, RTO registration charges and road tax of such vehicles have been kept low. Registration of electric vehicles is free in states like UP. But are electric vehicles really completely eco-friendly? Let’s understand.
Both petrol and diesel are non-renewable resources. Which means exhausting resources. It is necessary to save them and to save them it is necessary that they should be used at least. Along with this, carbon emissions increase due to burning of petrol and diesel in the engines used in vehicles, which increases pollution. Electric vehicle is one of the many ways to avoid this. These vehicles run on electricity, they do not cause any kind of emission, that is, in long run, these vehicles can save the environment from damage.
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Running these vehicles is also cheaper than the petrol-diesel run vehicles. However, how cheap it is depends on how cheap electricity is in which state. According to the website of Kazam, a company that makes charging stations for electric vehicles, it takes 10 units of electricity to fully charge Mahindra’s electric car Mahindra e20. The cost of 1 unit of electricity in Delhi is Rs 3-4, meaning it will take Rs 30 to fully charge the car once. According to the website, this vehicle can run for around 100 kms in a single full charge.
Electric vehicles are very cost effective in the long run.
At the same time, a report by Business Insider states that the running cost per kilometer of an electronic scooter is less than 25 paise. While the per kilometer cost of traditional scooters is above Rs.2. Now you may feel that it is a matter of 1-2 rupees. But if this one kilometer is divided into 1,000 kilometer, then the running cost of the electronic scooter will be less than Rs 250, while the cost of traditional scooters will be above Rs 2,000.
Another good quality of electric vehicles is that they do not require regular service or maintenance. They are just like your phone, you can manage and update them like you do your phone. Regular charging for care, occasional wipe with cloth for cleaning.
It is also important to know the problems related to electric vehicles
Electric vehicles can be easily charged in the power plug of homes. Power plugs are the charging points in which you connect the heavy electronic items of your home. Such as fridge, washing machine, dryer etc. However, it takes a lot of time to charge the vehicles in these. But here too there is a catch, the option of charging at home is for those who can park their car at their home. A large population lives in rented houses, lives in multi-storied houses, so if they want to buy an electric vehicle, it is necessary for them to have charging stations in the colonies or housing societies they live in, which are mostly Haven’t been able to build in housing societies yet.
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Other charging options are special charging stations, where these vehicles get charged faster. But here fast means half an hour. And these charging stations are not as common as petrol pumps in India right now. According to the July 2022 press release of the Press Information Bureau, more than 13 lakh electric vehicles were plying across India till July, while only 479 charging stations were installed till then. However, budget sanction has been done to set up 2,877 electronic vehicle charging points in different states and 1,576 in highway-expressways.
The biggest problem related to the electric vehicle is the charging point.
The infrastructure of electric vehicles is in the developing phase, so it is obvious that it would not be right to expect charging points to be easily available everywhere. But if you see as a user, it may happen that you leave with the vehicle, when the charging is over, there is no place to charge. And if found, you have to sit for hours and wait for the car to be charged.
Are electric vehicles completely eco friendly?
At present it is not so. Because more than 57 percent of the electricity generated in India is still made from fossil fuels, which are exhaustible sources of energy. These fuels are burnt to generate thermal power. The smoke coming out of it is one of the main factors of pollution. It has 26 percent share in PM10 and PM2.5.
Smoke coming out of thermal power plants is a major contributor to pollution.
Recently, Mahendra Singh Dhoni, the former captain of the Indian cricket team, had also expressed the same concern regarding the electric vehicle. He had said that as long as thermal energy continues to be used for charging electric vehicles, electric vehicles cannot be considered a clean future. However, the government appeals to the people to use solar energy. The government also gives a good subsidy for installing solar panels in homes.
What to do when the battery gets damaged?
Just like the batteries of our phones, laptops and home inverters start expiring after a while. Similarly, the battery of electric vehicles will also deteriorate after a while. Lithium-ion batteries used in vehicles will also deteriorate after a while. A study published in December by car insurers Acko and YouGov found that nearly 40 per cent of electric car buyers and 37 per cent of electric scooter buyers put off electric vehicles because of the hassle and cost of battery replacement. are hesitating.
One kilowatt battery of electric cars comes in 15 to 20 thousand rupees, while the battery of electric scooter comes in about 30 thousand rupees. However, most electric vehicle companies give eight to 10 years warranty on their batteries.
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Tags: Electric Car, electric scooter, electric vehicles
FIRST PUBLISHED : March 22, 2023