Most patients recover with supportive care
As of August, there had been approximately 47,000 laboratory-confirmed cases of monkeypox worldwide. Of these, only 211 were in children and adolescents below the age of 18 years. In the current outbreak, the monkeypox virus appears to be largely spread by sexual or other close contact. The role of other routes of transmission, including droplets and contaminated surfaces and objects, remains to be determined. Most patients with monkeypox recover with supportive care. However, more specific treatment is necessary for severe cases and high-risk groups — especially children under the age of 8 and those with underlying skin conditions, the study noted.
Other vulnerable groups include pregnant women, immunocompromised patients, and people with eczema or a monkeypox rash near the mouth, eyes, and genitals. Smallpox vaccination is effective in preventing monkeypox, although the duration of protection is unknown. Medicines or vaccines to prevent monkeypox have been recommended for children who have been exposed to the monkeypox virus, again with ‘very limited data’. Especially since monkeypox can be asymptomatic, outbreaks can go unchecked and spread to vulnerable groups, including young children.