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These are the 10 terrible natural disasters of the year 2023

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The worst natural disasters of the year 2023

In the year 2023, the world witnessed many horrific natural disasters. From the devastating earthquake in Turkey-Syria to the floods in Libya, when nature showed its anger on humanity, it caused massive destruction and took away hundreds of lives. We will tell you about the 10 most terrible incidents out of all the natural disasters that occurred in the year 2023, which were recorded forever in history this year.

1. Earthquake in Turkey-Syria

That ill-fated date was 6 February 2023, when an earthquake of 7.8 magnitude and then a second earthquake of 7.6 magnitude occurred in South East Turkey and Syria. By the time these two shocks subsided, as far as the eye could see, only debris was visible instead of buildings. More than 50,000 people lost their lives in this natural disaster and thousands were rendered homeless. The pictures of this devastation were such that the world might have seen such anger of nature before. Two

turkey earthquake

Image Source: AP

Turkey and Syria were left in ruins due to two earthquakes.

This earthquake brought Turkey’s economy to its knees. Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan said that the country has suffered an economic loss of 103.6 billion dollars due to the earthquake. In this earthquake, 10 cities of Turkey were destroyed and more than 11 thousand small and big buildings were razed to the ground. According to experts, Turkey has shifted about 10 feet due to this earthquake.

2. Libyan floods

Hurricane Daniel made landfall in Libya on 10 September 2023. This resulted in strong winds and sudden heavy rains. Two dams in Derna had collapsed due to torrential rains caused by storm ‘Daniel’ originating from the Mediterranean Sea. No one could have even imagined the devastation caused by the collapse of this dam. According to Libyan Red Crescent figures, 11,300 people were killed in Derna and more than 10,000 people were reported missing.

libya flood

Image Source : FILE PHOTO

There was flood in Libya due to Hurricane Daniel

The storm also killed about 170 people in other parts of the country. According to the UN International Organization for Migration, the floods have displaced at least 30,000 people in Derna and forced several thousand to flee their homes in other cities. Had to be forced.

3. Morocco earthquake

A magnitude 6.8 earthquake struck Morocco late on September 9, 2023, killing more than 2,900 people. Morocco’s Interior Ministry reported that the earthquake killed 2,900 people and injured at least 2,059, of whom 1,404 were in critical condition. According to the ministry, the maximum number of deaths of 1,293 people have occurred in Al-Hawz province.

morocco earthquake

Image Source : AFP

6.8 magnitude earthquake hits Morocco in September

He said at least 2,059 people were injured. The 6.8 magnitude earthquake that hit Morocco in September was the worst earthquake to hit the country in the last 120 years. According to the U.S. Geological Survey, the earthquake had a magnitude of 6.8 and its epicenter was located in the Al-Hauz province of the Atlas Mountains, near the historic city of Marrakesh.

4. Himachal Pradesh Landslide

In the month of July-August of the year 2023, there was such heavy rain in Himachal Pradesh that a series of severe devastation started in the state which the people of the state had not seen in the entire history of the state. According to an estimate, more than 500 people lost their lives in the state due to severe floods and landslides after heavy rains. Apart from this, the state government also suffered a loss of about Rs 12 thousand crores.

Himachal Pradesh Landslide

Image Source : PTI

The worst disaster in history in Himachal Pradesh

In July, when the series of rains, floods and landslides started in Himachal Pradesh, about 70 thousand tourists had come to Manali to visit. This is the biggest tragedy in the history of monsoon season in Himachal Pradesh.

5. Flood in the Horn of Africa

Flooding caused by heavy rains in the Horn of Africa region has killed more than 130 people in Somalia, Kenya and Ethiopia. Flooding that began in October displaced more than 700,000 people in East Africa. The El NiƱo weather phenomenon and higher than average sea surface temperatures caused severe rainfall and subsequent flooding in these countries.

Flooding in the Horn of Africa

Image Source : FILE PHOTO

More than 700,000 people displaced by floods in East Africa

The floods come after the worst drought in the last 40 years, which affected the region from 2020 to 2023. According to a study by World Weather Attribution, about 20 million people in these countries faced acute food insecurity due to human-induced climate change.

6. Forest fire in Hawaii

In August 2023, the worst wildfire in America’s history in more than a century occurred. The number of people who lost their lives in this fire was around 100. A fire broke out in the centuries-old city of Lahaina and after this, almost every building in the city has been destroyed.

forest fire in hawaii

Image Source: AP

Centuries-old city Lahaina completely destroyed in fire

Governor Green reported that at least 2,200 buildings were destroyed or damaged in West Maui, 86 percent of which were residential buildings. He had said that there was a loss of approximately 6 billion US dollars.

7. Mexico’s Otis Cyclone

October of the year 2023 was about to end and at least 48 people died due to Cyclone ‘Otis’ in the southern Pacific coastal region of Mexico, most of whom died in the city of Acapulco. In this storm there was only a scene of devastation everywhere. Government agencies had placed this powerful cyclone in Category 5. Due to Hurricane Otis, debris and dirt were everywhere on the roads.

otis cyclone

Image Source : FILE PHOTO

Otis cyclone was of category 5

The major reason for the devastation was that when Cyclone ‘Otis’ reached the coast, its speed was 266 kilometers per hour and people had very little time to prepare for protection from the cyclone. The World Meteorological Organization recorded the storm as “one of the fastest-intensifying tropical cyclones on record” in modern times, exceeded only by another Pacific hurricane, Patricia in 2015.

8. Flood of China

After the storm ‘Doksuri’ that hit China in the month of August this year, there was severe flood in Hebei province. This resulted in the deaths of at least 29 people and billions of dollars in economic losses. According to the news of the government news agency ‘Xinhua’, the reconstruction work of the province after the damage caused by the severe flood may take about two years.

  china floods

Image Source : FILE PHOTO

China suffered a loss of 13.2 billion dollars due to floods

State media ‘China News Service’ reported that according to preliminary estimates, the province has suffered a direct economic loss of $13.2 billion. Earlier, Hebei province suffered severe flooding and neighboring Beijing also received torrential rains, breaking records that had stood for at least 140 years.

9. Canadian forest fire

Wildfires raged across Canada in the summer of 2023, burning a record-breaking 18.4 million hectares of land. The fires raged in May, June, July and August and led to the evacuation of more than 50,000 people in the country. Although wildfires have occurred in Western Canada before, they have never caused damage on this scale.

canada forest fire

Image Source: AP

18.4 million hectares of land burned in Canada

The smoke caused severe air pollution not only in Canadian cities like Toronto but also in New York, which suffered the worst air quality in 50 years due to the fires. This fire was caused by lightning.

10. Bipperjoy Cyclone

Cyclone Biparjoy, which wreaked havoc in Gujarat in early June this year, was the longest active cyclonic storm in the North Indian Ocean since 1977. According to the India Meteorological Department (IMD), Biparjoy, the first cyclonic storm in the Arabian Sea this year, formed over the south-east Arabian Sea on June 6 and made landfall over Saurashtra and Kutch on June 15. After this, on June 18, it turned into a low pressure area and weakened. Cyclone Biparjoy in the Arabian Sea impacted India and Pakistan, leading to the evacuation of more than 1,80,000 people from coastal areas.

Biparjoy cyclone

Image Source : PTI

Biparjoy has been active for the longest time in the northern Indian Ocean since 1977.

The IMD said in a report on Biparjoy that the cyclonic storm remained active over the Arabian Sea for a total of 13 days and three hours, which is more than double the average life span of 6 days and three hours for severe cyclonic storms. The longest active storm over the northern Indian Ocean occurred between November 8 and 23 in 1977. He was active for 14 days and 6 hours. Biparjoy changed its path nine times along its 2,525 km path, making it difficult for meteorologists to predict the cyclone’s path.

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