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Vacuum Bomb: Hiding in bunkers is also ineffective, sucks the air of the body.. Know why thermobaric bombs should be banned

Kyiv/Moscow : The Ukrainian government and human rights groups have claimed that the Russian military may have used thermobaric weapons and cluster bombs in Ukraine. If this is true then it is a sign of increasing cruelty that we should all be alerted to. Cluster munitions are banned by international treaty but thermobaric munitions—also known as fuel-air explosive devices, or ‘vacuum bombs’—are not explicitly prohibited for use against military targets.

These destructive devices, which produce a ball of fire that swallows oxygen followed by a deadly shockwave, are far more powerful than other conventional weapons. Thermobaric weapons are typically deployed as rockets or bombs, and they work by releasing fuel and explosives. These can use a variety of fuels, including toxic powdery metals and oxidant-rich organic matter.
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Bombs can also kill people hiding in bunkers
When used, it releases a large ball of explosive fuel, which, in contact with the oxygen in the surrounding air, creates a high-temperature fireball and a massive shockwave that sucks the air out of virtually any living creature around. Takes. Thermobaric bombs are destructive and effective in urban areas or open conditions. It can also enter bunkers and other underground places and cause people present there to suffer for oxygen.

What happens when a bomb hits?
There is little chance that humans and other organisms can be saved from their effects such as explosions and fires. A 1990 CIA report by Human Rights Watch noted the effects of a thermobaric explosion in a confined space. Those closer to their ignition point suffer the most. Those around it are likely to suffer from a number of internal, invisible injuries, including torn eardrums and crushing of the inner ear, severe injuries, torn internal organs and lungs, and possibly blindness.

History of Destructive Weapon
Crude versions of thermobaric weapons were developed by Germany during World War II. Western states, as well as the Soviet Union and later Russia, have used them since the 1960s. The Soviet Union is believed to have used thermobaric weapons against China during the Sino-Soviet conflict of 1969 and its takeover of Afghanistan in 1979. Moscow also used them in Chechnya, and reportedly provided them to rebel separatists in eastern Ukraine. America used these weapons in the mountains of Vietnam and Afghanistan.

Why are weapons banned?
The use of some weapons is also prohibited in war. Although thermobaric weapons are not yet explicitly banned, there are several points that argue against their development and use. International humanitarian law determines what is permissible and what is not permissible during war. It has long been understood that even wars have their limits. While some weapons are considered legal, others are not. precisely because they violate key principles of human law.

A new report from Human Rights Watch makes it clear that the Russian invasion of Ukraine is illegal. It bases the Geneva Conventions on defining the illegality of Moscow’s actions, including the use or potential use of certain of its special weapons. The use of weapons in indiscriminate attacks—which cannot differentiate between combatants and civilians—is prohibited by the Geneva Conventions.

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Common people die from bombs falling on soldiers
A thermobaric weapon can be specifically targeted at military installations and personnel, but its effects cannot be confined to one area. If such bombs are used in a city, there is every possibility that many civilians will be killed. The use of explosive weapons in populated areas will result in indiscriminate and disproportionate attacks. Aerial bombs, even if intended for military purposes, pose a serious threat to civilians because of their wide explosion radius.

Thermobaric bombs cause unnecessary injury
Efforts to ban these weapons have so far not met with full success. The 1980 Treaty on Some Conventional Weapons (commonly called the ‘Inhumane Weapons Treaty’) addresses incendiary weapons, but countries have managed to avoid an explicit ban on thermobaric bombs. In addition to the impact on civilians, thermobaric bombs cause unnecessary injury and unnecessary suffering.

Extremely cruel weapons should not be used even in war
They should not be used under international humanitarian law. There is a point at which—whether war is deemed legitimate or ‘justified’—violence should not involve weapons that are overly cruel or inhumane. If a weapon is likely to prolong the suffering of soldiers (or civilians) or result in unnecessary and unacceptable injuries, its use is in principle not permitted.


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