HomeWorld NewsWhat is 'Dirty Bomb', why did Russia mention it

What is ‘Dirty Bomb’, why did Russia mention it

Russia is accusing Ukraine of planning to use the so-called Dirty Bomb. On the other hand, Kiev and its Western allies have rejected it as a false and hostile action of Russia. It is believed that Moscow may use this as an excuse to advance the Kremlin’s war against its neighbour.

A dirty bomb is a weapon that combines radioactive material such as uranium with conventional explosives such as dynamite. It is often referred to as a weapon of terrorists. It is not used against countries, as it is designed to spread fear and panic more than to eliminate any military target.

Ukrainian officials have repeatedly denied Moscow’s allegations, and Kiev’s foreign minister has invited UN inspectors to visit Ukraine to show they have “nothing to hide.” Here are some things you need to know on this matter.

What is Russia’s claim?

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Without providing any evidence, Moscow claims that there are scientific institutions in Ukraine that have the necessary technology to make dirty bombs. Russia is accusing Ukraine of planning to use it. The Russian Defense Ministry said in a briefing on 24 October that it had information that showed Kiev was planning provocation through the detonation of a dirty bomb.

Igor Kirillov, the chief of Russia’s Radiation, Chemical and Biological Security Force, claimed, “The purpose of this provocation of Ukraine in the war is to accuse Russia of using weapons of mass destruction and thus start a powerful anti-Russian campaign in the world.” To do.”

According to a US official familiar with the conversation, Russian Defense Minister Sergei Shoigu made this claim in a call with US Defense Secretary Lloyd Austin on October 23. Shoigu had also raised apprehensions about Ukraine’s dirty bombs to his French and British counterparts.

After a highly private meeting of the UN Security Council on 25 October, Russia’s deputy ambassador to the United Nations told reporters that he told the UN that his country believed that Ukraine had two nuclear power plants working on making dirty bombs. are doing.

The world’s response to Russia’s claim

Ukraine, the United States, the United Kingdom, the European Union and NATO have strongly denied Russia’s allegations. These countries have accused Moscow of trying to launch a false campaign of its own. Ukraine’s President Volodymyr Zelensky said in his nightly address on 23 October, “Everybody understands everything very well, understands who is the source of every filth imaginable in this war.”

The White House said on October 24 that it was “extremely monitoring” any possible preparations for the use of a bomb in Ukraine, but there was no indication of such a weapon being used anytime soon. Huh.

The UN nuclear watchdog said it would soon send its inspectors to Kiev to visit two nuclear sites in Ukraine. According to the agency’s website, “The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) stated that it is fully aware of the statements made by the Russian Federation on Sunday regarding alleged activities at two nuclear sites in Ukraine.” However, the IAEA did not reveal the location of both the sites.

In a tweet on 24 October, Ukrainian Foreign Minister Dmitro Kuleba said, “Ukraine has always been and remains transparent compared to Russia. We have nothing to hide.”

What is Dirty Bomb?

A dirty bomb is shorthand. Nuclear-safety officials call this a radiological dispersal device. That is, a device that is used to spread radioactive substances. It usually uses any type of radioactive waste along with frequently used explosives such as dynamite.

They spread filth or dirt when they explode. They are seen as weapons of spreading terror. In this way, they are known to spread terror as well as do economic damage. It does not have the energy or destructive potential of nuclear weapons far and wide. Atoms are filled with uranium and plutonium. These create an atomic chain reaction that destroys cities in cities.

Is the Dirty Bomb a Nuclear Weapon?

If it is said that the dirty bomb comes under the category of nuclear weapon, then it is not so at all. Detonation from a dirty bomb is caused by conventional explosives, while detonation from a nuclear weapon is caused by a nuclear reaction. The US dropped an atomic bomb on Japan in World War II.

According to a fact sheet from the US Department of Homeland Security (DHS), “a nuclear bomb produces an explosion that is thousands to millions of times more powerful than any conventional explosive, it can be used in a dirty bomb.” Is.” An explosion caused by a nuclear weapon can destroy an entire city. For example, the atomic bomb dropped on Nagasaki in 1945 destroyed 6.2 square kilometers of the city.

According to the International Campaign to Abolish Nuclear Weapons- ICAN, conventional explosives in a dirty bomb can damage only a few buildings. According to the United States Department of Homeland Security (DHS), a mushroom cloud from a nuclear explosion can cover tens to hundreds of square miles.

Atoms can disperse fine particles of material and spread radioactivity over that area. In fact, a mushroom cloud is a characteristic mushroom-shaped flammable cloud of debris, smoke and usually condensed water vapor composed of a large explosion. Whereas most radioactive material from a dirty bomb would spread over a few blocks or a few square miles of the city.

Has there ever been a dirty bomb attack?

Till now the successful attack of Dirty Bomb has not happened in the world yet. According to the Council on Foreign Relations, in 1995, Chechnya rebels planted a dirty bomb plant in Moscow, but they were not able to detonate it. Due to Moscow’s prepared security forces, this bomb containing dynamite and caesium-137 in Izmailovo Park did not explode.

In fact, the security forces there had already received the news of planting a bomb in the park. There have also been reports that terrorist organizations like Al Qaeda or ISIS made or tried to make a dirty bomb, but these terrorist organizations also So far no explosion has taken place through it.

Is this bomb dangerous?

The DHS says it is unlikely that a sufficient amount of radiation from a dirty bomb will cause immediate health effects or cause large numbers of deaths. In this regard, the Texas State Department of Health Services states that for a dirty bomb to be lethal to radiation, its creators must first have needed protection to protect themselves from the excessive amounts of glass or steel being used. Is.

Because of this, it cannot be made extremely dangerous. But excessive use of glass or steel makes the bomb heavier. It is also difficult to bring it somewhere and plant it. Dangerous dirty bombs may require heavy equipment and remote handling equipment, which also limits the radiation or radiation exposure.

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