Cervical cancer is a dangerous cancer that occurs in women. This is cancer occurring in the lower part of the uterus i.e. cervix. It is also called cancer of the mouth of the uterus. This cancer is caused by a virus called HPV (Human Papilloma Virus). HPV enters the body and damages the inner part of the uterus and gradually takes the form of cancer. It is the second most common cancer after breast cancer. Every 8 minutes a woman dies from this. Every year 74 thousand women die from this cancer in India. But treatment can be avoided at the right time. By getting HPV vaccine for girls aged 9 to 14 years, up to 97% of the disease can be prevented.
Early symptoms of cervical cancer
Early symptoms of cervical cancer are quite mild and are often ignored. But, these symptoms indicate to be alert about this disease. Therefore, women should not ignore these symptoms and should consult a doctor in time.
- Abnormal bleeding in the cervix
- Pain while having sex
- Cramp-like pain in stomach
- Excessive bleeding during menstruation
- Bleeding even in between menstrual cycles
Cervical Cancer Prevention
- Getting the HPV vaccine – this is the most important prevention. HPV virus is the main cause of cervical cancer. Infection and cancer caused by HPV can be prevented with this vaccine.
- Having safe sex – Unsafe sex can cause HPV. Use of condom is important.
How is cervical cancer detected
Some important tests are done to detect cervical cancer. Symptoms of cervical cancer are often not visible in the beginning. Therefore screening tests are necessary. Pap smear test is the most common and important test. In this, a sample of cervical tissue is taken and looked at under a microscope. If abnormal cells are found in the Pap smear, other tests like HPV test or biopsy can be done. Tissue samples are taken and tested through biopsy. Through these tests, cervical cancer can be detected at the right time and treatment can be started.