As soon as we hear the name of cancer, a wave of anxiety runs in our mind, but do you know which is the most common cancer in men? That is prostate cancer. Prostate cancer, which occurs in the prostate gland of men, grows slowly and sometimes its symptoms are not visible in the initial stages. However, if detected on time, its treatment is possible. If we talk about statistics, according to the World Health Organization (WHO) and various cancer research agencies, prostate cancer is one of the most common cancer cases in men worldwide. Are the most. Every year, millions of men become victims of this cancer and this number is increasing day by day.
symptoms of prostate cancer
- difficulty while urinating – One has to exert force while urinating or the flow of urine is weak.
- frequent urination – There is a need to get up frequently and urinate, especially at night.
- obstruction or sudden cessation of urination – Sudden obstruction while urinating.
- blood in urine – Appearance of blood in urine or semen.
- pain or discomfort in the pelvic area – Pain in the lower back, between the thighs or in the hips.
- trouble having sex Difficulty in getting erection during sex.
- weight loss and fatigue – Weight loss without any apparent reason and feeling tired easily.
Know how it is tested
There are two main types of prostate cancer tests: prostate-specific antigen (PSA) test and digital rectal examination (DRE). The PSA test measures the amount of PSA in the blood, which is made by the prostate gland. High PSA levels may indicate prostate problems. In DRE, the doctor, wearing gloves and using lubricant, examines the prostate gland through the rectum to look for any lumps or abnormalities. Together, these two tests help doctors identify prostate cancer.
Know its treatment
- Surgery (Prostatectomy): The prostate gland is removed through surgery. This method is suitable for early stage cancer.
- Radiation therapy: In this, cancer cells are destroyed using high energy radiation. This may be in the form of external beam radiation therapy or brachytherapy (internal radiation).
- Hormone therapy: This therapy reduces the levels of the male hormone testosterone, which stops prostate cancer cells from growing.
- Chemotherapy: This kills cancer cells using drugs, especially when the cancer has spread to other parts.
- Cryotherapy: This procedure destroys cancer cells by applying very cold temperatures to the prostate gland.
Disclaimer: Before implementing the method, methods and suggestions mentioned in this article, please consult a doctor or related expert.
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