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The journey from ‘Dumb Gudiya’ to becoming ‘Iron Lady’, the story of Indira Gandhi…

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Story of Indira Gandhi…

Indira Gandhi Birth Anniversary: Today India is one of the most powerful countries in the world. Be it economy or military capability, India is at the top position. All Indians have contributed in strengthening the foundation of this country. All the Prime Ministers of the country continuously worked for the development of the country. Many Prime Ministers were also assassinated in the country. Indira Gandhi is also one of the Prime Ministers who was assassinated. Actually, Indira Gandhi was born on 19 November 1917. Father Jawaharlal Nehru and grandfather Motilal Nehru were fighting for the country’s freedom movement at this time. It was Dada who gave her name to Indira Gandhi, who later became famous as the Iron Lady. Keeping in mind the decision-making ability of Indira Gandhi, former Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee addressed her with the word ‘Durga’.

Partition of Pakistan

When India was divided, Pakistan got two parts of land. The first was named East Pakistan and the second was named West Pakistan. East Pakistan is today known as Bangladesh, the credit for separating it from Pakistan goes to Indira Gandhi and our army. It was during the tenure of Indira Gandhi that India became a nuclear-rich country. At the same time, Indira Gandhi crushed the Khalistan movement and launched the Blue Star Operation. Due to this operation, Indira Gandhi was assassinated by her own bodyguards in 1984. For the first time, Indira Gandhi had given such a deep wound to Pakistan, which Pakistan has not been able to forget till date. In fact, Bengali speaking people of East Pakistan are being tortured by the army of West Pakistan. During this time, a large number of refugees were coming to India. During this time, Indira Gandhi went against West Pakistan and supported East Pakistan and ordered to support Mukti Vahini fighting for the independence of Bangladesh.

After this, on 5 December, the Indian Army reaches East Pakistan and the war starts against Pakistani soldiers. This war, which lasted only 11 days, ends on 16 December 1971. The most important thing about this battle was that 90 thousand soldiers of West Pakistan fighting in East Pakistan had surrendered. Very rarely in history has it been seen that despite being in such large numbers, someone has surrendered. After India’s victory in this fight against Pakistan, a new country named Bangladesh was formed which was no longer under Pakistan. The special thing is that America was supporting Pakistan in this war.

nationalization of banks

Indira Gandhi took many bold decisions during her lifetime. One of these was nationalization of banks. When the country was struggling with economic difficulties, Indira Gandhi decided to nationalize banks. On 19 July 1969, Indira Gandhi ordered the nationalization of banks. 14 banks were nationalized on this day. Actually these banks were controlled by big industrial houses. For the second time in the year 1980, 7 other banks were nationalized.

broke the back of Khalistan

After the division of Pakistan into two, the movement named Khalistan reached its peak in the year 1980. This had become a cause of trouble for the Indian government. During this period, a lot of murders were taking place in Pakistan. The leader of this movement was Jarnail Singh Bhindranwala. Indira Gandhi made up her mind to crush this movement and gave orders in this regard. Khalistani terrorists made the Golden Temple their home. Attacks were taking place from here. During this period, ‘Operation Blue Star’ was launched by Indira Gandhi. On the night of 3-6 June 1984, special commandos of the Indian Army, taking off their shoes and tying clothes on their heads, entered the Golden Temple as per Sikh tradition and gunned down Khalistani terrorists. During this period, tanks were also launched at the Golden Temple. During this period the Golden Temple was badly damaged.

pokhran nuclear test

India became a nuclear power during the time of Indira Gandhi. In the year 1974, permission was given for the country’s first nuclear test in Pokhran. The success achieved during this period created a stir all over the world. After this the whole world saw the strength of India. Due to these bold decisions, Indira Gandhi, who was called the dumb doll, became famous as the Iron Lady.

Emergency and assassination of Indira Gandhi

One of the few life decisions taken by Indira Gandhi was to impose emergency in India. In the year 1975, Emergency was imposed in the country which was a severe attack on democracy. For this reason Indira Gandhi has to face criticism even today. At the same time, the sentiments of the Sikh community were hurt by the action taken against the terrorists in the Golden Temple under Operation Blue Star and a message was sent among the Sikhs that Indira Gandhi had insulted the most sacred place of the Sikhs. The result was that on 31 October 1984, Indira Gandhi was shot dead by her Sikh bodyguards.

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