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By which name and how is Makar Sankranti celebrated in which state?

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makar sankranti

The festival of Makar Sankranti is celebrated all over the country. However, it is celebrated with different names and ways in different states. This year Makar Sankranti is being celebrated on 15 January 2024. When the Sun enters from one zodiac sign to another, that day is celebrated as ‘Sankranti’. On the day of Makar Sankranti, the Sun enters Capricorn from Sagittarius. At the same time the Sun starts moving towards the north. Which is called Surya Uttarayan. On this day, there is importance of bathing, donating and eating and preparing special dishes. Know in which state Makar Sankranti is celebrated with which name and tradition.

  • Makar Sankranti and Khichdi in Uttar Pradesh- In North India it is celebrated as Makar Sankranti and Khichdi. In some cities, Makar Sankranti is also called Khichdi. In North India, khichdi of urad dal and rice is eaten on this day. Sesame seeds, jaggery and peanuts have importance on this day. After bathing, people donate and then eat khichdi with ghee.

  • Uttarayan in Gujarat- In Gujarat, Makar Sankranti is known as Uttarayan. The festival of Uttarayan is celebrated here with great pomp. Kite festival is organized here in this festival which lasts for 2 days. There is importance of eating undhiyu and jaggery chikki on this special occasion.

  • Maghi and Lohri in Punjab-Haryana- Makar Sankranti is celebrated as Maghi Lohri in Punjab and Haryana. However, the festival of Lohri is celebrated a day before Makar Sankranti. Worship is done by lighting a fire and roaming around it, then rewari, peanuts and popcorn are distributed.

  • Pongal in Tamil Nadu- Makar Sankranti is known as Pongal in South India. There is great enthusiasm about Pongal and it is celebrated for 4 days. In which the first day is celebrated as Bhogi Pongal, the second day as Surya Pongal, the third day as Mattu Pongal and the fourth day as Kanya Pongal. Rangoli is made here. A special dish is made of sweet rice kheer mixed with jaggery.

  • Vilakku in Kerala- Makar Sankranti is celebrated as Makar Vilakku in Kerala. On this day people especially visit Makar Jyoti near Sabarimala temple. Sun God is worshipped.

  • Elu Virodhu in Karnataka- Makar Sankranti is called ‘Elu Birodhu’ in Karnataka. Many religious rituals are performed on this day. On this day, women exchange Elu Bela i.e. fresh fruits, sugarcane, sesame, jaggery and coconut with about 10 nearby families.

Makar Sankranti Special Recipe: The festival is incomplete without Moong Dal Mangoda, if you eat it you will keep eating it.

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